A research project is a scientific procedure aimed at collecting information and formulating hypotheses about a specific social or scientific phenomenon. As a first step, the problem statement must be made, with the formulation of the phenomenon to be investigated.

In the next stage, it is necessary to establish the objectives, that is, stipulate what is intended to be known with the investigation. Then comes the turn of the hypothesis, which is formulated as a theory to be checked during the research project. The investigator must include the justification, which consists in indicating the reasons for the study of the problem.

The theoretical framework and reference in a research project involves the inclusion of citations and examples of other research. It works as a general reference of the subject to be treated, with data that make it easier to understand it.

Once the time of field work has arrived, the quantitative and qualitative data of the subject begin to be obtained. It could be said that this is the main moment of the investigation, where the experiments, tests or interviews necessary to obtain the information are carried out.

Finally it is the turn of structuring the work and its final wording. In this way, the research can be presented in several chapters, with the introduction and a conclusion, among other segments.

Various steps in the Research Project

It should be noted that every research project consists of a work or activity plan, where the duration of the investigative process is foreseen. In this way, the researcher works according to a schedule that must be respected and complied with. It must consist of a series of steps, which are:

* Selection of the theme: choose carefully what is going to work and how the problem will be addressed;

* Identification of a problem: detect those aspects that do not work within the thematic area that it is necessary to investigate and understand;

* Formulation of the draft: make a draft with the basic ideas of the investigation to be able to follow the steps and ask the pertinent questions in each of them, to approach a response that responds to what was raised in the hypothesis;

* Elaboration of the project: to write an extensive and meticulous scientific text where the entire presentation of the problem and its subsequent resolution is expressed.

It is worth mentioning that, in turn, each of these steps is complemented by a series of actions that, taken as a whole, comprise the program of the research project.

To start an investigation is necessary, first, to find some aspect of reality to be investigated and secondly understand what kind of knowledge you want to arrive, considering pure research to understand theoretical issues that are collected in some theoretical postulate of a certain science, or applied, which brings together all those practical problems of life.

Once you have the basics it is necessary to design an instructional program, ie set points to consider in the research project to conduct a thorough and orderly study. For this design it is important to take into account the resources available to carry out the work, both economic and social as well as technological.

Finally it should be noted that, although it is a free and creative process, scientific research requires normalization steps to take allevar couple out the study of a specific topic, such standardization is made up of a series of steps systematic and exhaustively organized.

It is worth mentioning that research is summarized as an activity whose fundamental objective is the solution of problems, seeking answers through the use of scientific procedures necessary to arrive at them.